Many new concepts and methods have been introduced in the past decades. These changes and mostly the evolution of the Internet have affected the business organization and management tactics. Let’s have a look on some of these changes, history, points which characterize e-businesses, and some useful tools as a virtual number for enterprises.
What is a virtual enterprise?
Virtual enterprise is an organizational structure with its main resource being the Internet. This model modifies certain features of a traditional business – the organizational structure, technology, communication..
The concept of virtual enterprise dates back to 1989 when Charles Handy introduced the ‘Shamrock organization’, which he defined by three-leaf shamrock:
- Professionals, technicians, managers.
- Self-employed professionals hired on contract who are in charge of non-essential jobs. It is done by an external company, which is not part of the central organization.
- The contingent work force. They are paid by the hour or day or week for the time they work.
Handy introduces the concept of an open organization, which obtains more power by using external laboral forces carrying out non-essential tasks.
Later, in 1992, Davidow and Malone introduce their book ‘The Virtual Corporation’ and they present their particular vision about this topic, describing it as a network of companies surrounding a central nucleus.
A year later, the Economist magazine publishes an article describing a virtual enterprise as a temporal business network supported by technology, which unites in order to take advantage of a specific opportunity on the market.
These are the first points in the history, which introduce the topic of virtual enterprise.
Virtual enterprise characteristics
A virtual enterprise operates its business in the virtual world. What is a virtual world? Everything related to the Internet.
- Computer Network: An ensemble of computers, mobile phones, tablets and other electronic equipment. It is a fundamental element of a virtual enterprise.
- Interpersonal Communication: The principal function of the Internet is facilitating the communication between people and virtual companies should take advantage of this fact.
- Online Marketing: A differentiating feature of a virtual enterprise are the means used to contact, negotiate and generally related to its audience.
- Globalization: The world of the Internet is very broad and anyone can get in touch with any company. This could be an advantage for a virtual enterprise given the fact that the local market is much smaller than the potential market. However; there is also a downside to it: different laws and regulations in different countries, the difference in currency…
- Logistic: It is vital to find out the most suitable way to bring the company products or the services to the customers.
- Teleworking: This is a natural consequence of the evolution of working conditions. If the telephone and fax meant a big change back in the days, nowadays so much more can be accomplished thanks to the Internet. For example, the employees can work from any place in the world, which can result as one of the biggest advantages for a company. You can even operate in a different country without being physically present there, thanks to new technologies such as international phone number. For example, if you are a British company, but you want to offer your product or services in Croatia, you can get a virtual phone number Croatia, so your customers from that country will think about you as a local business.
Virtual enterprises benefit from the economic globalization since it contributes to globalization itself. As you can see, there is not much of a difference between creating a traditional and a virtual enterprise since it requires conducting the same processes – studying the market, learning about new technology etc. Contact Fonvirtual for more information about virtual number for enterprises.